Technical, Social, Economic and Policy Issues
Edited by Stephen McIlwaine and Mark Redwood
Practical Action/CSBE/IDRC 2010
In water-scarce areas of the Middle East, greywater (household wastewater excluding toilet waste) is commonly used by poor communities to irrigate home gardens. This both supplements the water available to the household and improves food security.
This book draws together material presented at a conference in Jordan in 2007, and examines the technical approaches to treating and using greywater for irrigation, including its associated risks to health and the environment. It discusses many of the non-technical issues that influence effectiveness and sustainability of greywater use. It also takes a hard look at economic issues, arguing that more clarity and consistency from policymakers is essential if low-income, water-stressed communities are to make better and safer use of their existing water supplies. The book concludes by offering suggestions for where donor efforts and research could best be focused in the near future.
Greywater use in the Middle East is important reading for researchers, donors, implementing agencies, and policymakers, in the fields of water supply, water reuse, livelihoods and agriculture.
Stephen McIlwaine is the director of the Center for the Study of the Built Environment, Jordan. Mark Redwood is the program leader for the Urban Poverty and Environment initiative at International Development Research Centre, Canada.
Foreword – HE Dr Munther Haddadin, former Minister of Water and Irrigation, Jordan
Preface – Mark Redwood and Stephen McIlwaine
The Aqaba Declaration on Greywater Use
Acronyms and abbreviations
1. Introduction: Greywater use in the Middle East: the story so far – Mark Redwood
PART I: TECHNICAL ASPECTS 2. On-site greywater treatment in Qebia Village, Palestine – Jamal Burnat and Intissar Eshtayah
3. Greywater use in rural home gardens in Karak, Jordan – Murad Bino, Shihab Al Beiruti and Mohammad Ayesh
4. Greywater management in the northeastern Badia of Jordan – Wael Suleiman, Bassam Al-Hayek, Moayied Assayed, Sahar Dalahmeh and Nisreen Al-Hmoud
PART II: SOCIOECONOMIC ASPECTS
5. Stakeholder participation in greywater management in the Jordanian Badia – Sahar Dalahmeh, Moayied Assayed, Wael Suleiman and Bassam Al-Hayek 6. Comparative socioeconomic study of greywater and cesspit systems in Ramallah, Palestine – Maher Abu-Madi, Rashed Al-Sa’ed, Nidal Mahmoud and Jamal Burnat
7. Can local people accept greywater technology? – Peter Laban 8. Lessons from a participatory approach to household greywater use in Jordan – Noel Keough, Samira Smira and Stan Benjamin
9. Greywater use as a gender empowerment project in Tannoura, Lebanon – Nadine Haddad El-Hajj 10. Greywater use: Islamic perspectives – Odeh Rashed Al-Jayyousi
PART III: POLICY ISSUES AND NEXT STEPS 11. Policy and regulatory approaches to greywater use in the Middle East – Stephen McIlwaine
12. Conclusion: Next steps for research, policy and implementation – Mark Redwood, Stephen McIlwaine and Marwan Owaygen
1. Introduction: Greywater use in the Middle East: the story so far Mark Redwood 2010
3. Greywater use in rural home gardens in Karak, Jordan Murad Bino, Shihab Al-Beiruti and Mohammad Ayesh 2010
Acronyms and abbreviations 2010
Foreword HE Dr Munther Haddadin
Former Minister of Water and Irrigation, Jordan 2010
PART I: TECHNICAL ASPECTS
2. On-site greywater treatment in Qebia Village, Palestine Jamal Burnat and Intissar Eshtayah 2010
Preface Stephen McIlwaine and Mark Redwood 2010
The Aqaba Declaration on Greywater Use 2010