Monday, July 8, 2019

Waldorf Education Philosophy

Source: https://www.onecommunityglobal.org/waldorf/

The Waldorf education philosophy is just one of the many systems we have researched to create the Education for Life Program. The Waldorf method distinguishes three broad stages in child development that each last approximately seven years. The first stage focuses on hands-on learning activities and through creative play; the second focuses on artistic expression, social development, and creative and analytic thinking; the third stage encourages critical understanding and morality. This page is meant to function as an ever-expanding archive of open source, free-shared, and duplicable Waldorf education philosophy inspired ideas that we organize into the primary components of the One Community Education ProgramCurriculum for LifeTeaching Strategies for LifeLearning Tools and Toys for Life, and building The Ultimate Classroom. These components are designed to be combined to create endless “Lesson Plans for Life” purposed to grow and evolve what we feel will be the most comprehensive, effective, and diversely applicable free-education program and resource archive in the world. The One Community Foundations of Teaching, Leadership, and Communicating, combined with a collaborative Evaluation and Evolution Component (Portfolio Creation and Maintenance), help us to further grow and adapt both the program and as individuals.
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OTHER WAYS TO CONTRIBUTE TO EVOLVING THIS EDUCATION PROGRAM WITH US
WHAT IS THE WALDORF
EDUCATION PHILOSOPHY
If you have ideas stemming from Waldorf education, philosophy, and/or theory that you feel should be added to this developing resource guide, please use our Education for Life Collaborative Input Page. To create the upcoming page we have researched a diversity of the components of the Waldorf method and Waldorf schooling approach including: Waldorf education training, Waldorf education curriculum, Waldorf homeschooling, and more. Our goal is to list here what we feel are the best, simplest, and most usable tools with application and benefit for all ages?
Waldorf Foundations of Leadership, Teaching, and Communicating
● Self governing by consensus of a group of teachers: Provides creative autonomy as a foundational skeleton which enables children to learn by example
● Multiple intelligences: Children are measured as individuals (versus based upon universal criteria) to allow for multiple and differential intelligences
● Looping: Utilizing the same teacher over multiple years in order to build long-term relationships
● Greet: Shake each student’s hand, and make eye contact as each enters class. This strategy allows the teacher to check in on each student at the start of the day. Students will line up at the door, eager for a one-on-one moment with the teacher.
● Relate: Create a buddy system with students in an older grade. The cross-age pals at the John Morse Waldorf Methods School meet once a month to learn about building solid relationships with both younger and older students.
● Draw: Let students illustrate their own workbooks. Having students draw out math and reading lessons is a great way to integrate art into the curriculum. The students will take pride in their books, and learn in a new way.
● Plant: Get students outside through nature walks and gardening. Weekly nature walks in a local park or natural area will become science lessons as the teacher answers students questions about the natural world. A school garden can allow students to connect with nature and learn how plants grow.
● Play: Practice musical instruments during class transitions. Give each student a recorder, and have the whole class follow the teacher by playing a few notes at class breaks. The students will enjoy mixing short music lessons into everyday learning.
● Move: Allow kids to be active during lessons. Your whole class will enjoy getting out of their chairs to do physical activities such as stomping their feet and counting out numbers to begin learning multiplication.
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Waldorf Curriculum Ideas
● Moral responsibility: An active practice teaching, “One should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself.”
● Social competence and personality development
● Eurythmy: Expressive movement art to poetry, music, plays. Learning moods combined with pitch, tone, rhythm, grammar
● Experiential Learning: Music, dance and theater, writing, literature, legends and myths are not simply subjects to be read about and tested, they are experienced
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Waldorf Teaching Strategies
● Age 7-14: The approach emphasizes cultivating children’s emotional life and imagination. The core curriculum is introduced imaginatively through stories and creative presentations
● Age 14+: The curriculum is structured to foster pupils’ intellectual understanding, independent judgment, and ethical ideals such as social responsibility, aiming to meet the developing capacity for abstract thought and conceptual judgment. Secondary education is provided by specialist teachers for each subject. The education focuses much more strongly on academic subjects, though students normally continue to take courses in art, music, and crafts.
● Eurythmy: Expressive movement art to poetry, music, plays. Learning moods combined with pitch, tone, rhythm, grammar
● Reciting previous lesson: after each new lesson is taught, there is outdoor break, upon arrival back the previous lesson is recited and the child records findings in journal
● Each class normally remains together as a cohort throughout their years, developing as a quasi-familial social group whose members know each other quite deeply. In the elementary years, a core teacher teaches the primary academic subjects.
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Waldorf Learning Tools and Toys
● Open Ended/Gender Neutral Toy: Squares of different colored silk
● Dress-up clothes/costumes near the mirror
● Natural objects as toys – stones, feathers, branches, earth, sand, leaves, pinecones, etc.
● Avoidance of toys and clothes with commercial fictional characters
● Recording book: Student has a ‘journal’ to record learnings after each lesson
● Waldorf Dolls are the type of doll used in Waldorf classrooms using traditional European doll-making techniques. They are usually handmade of natural fibers like cotton and wool that are comforting to hold and touch. The facial features of a Waldorf doll are left intentionally simple. Features usually consist of two eyes and a hint of a mouth. Some Waldorf dolls may have no features at all! This allows a child to use his or her imagination to imagine the doll’s expression.
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Waldorf Classroom Design
● Natural containers and building materials – avoid plastic and other synthetics
● Natural toys without paint etc. so kids can use their imagination more
● Receives natural light
● Is designed with a quiet visual environment
● Uses warm colors on the walls and floor
● Has a large area of free space for building and diverse learning/play
● Has high-quality and purpose-designed furniture, fixtures and equipment
● Allows ease of movement
● Allows flexibility in learning varied activities
● Contains ergonomic tables and chairs
● Is modular, meaning the teacher can easily change the space configuration
● Waldorf classrooms commonly integrate the deliberate and consciously considered use of color. Although not every Waldorf school is exactly the same in its choice of colors there is often a general consistency based on a response to the stages of child development.
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OTHER RESOURCES
OPEN SOURCE SUBJECT RESOURCES (click icons for complete pages)
OPEN SOURCE CURRICULUM OUTLINES (click image for summaries and links to complete pages)
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Waldorf education, Waldorf schooling, Waldorf teaching methodology, Rudolph Steiner, Waldorf schooling, unschool
NOTE: One Community does not believe there is any one system that is the best. It is our Highest Good of All philosophy to look at all systems and all methodologies. Our goal is to learn and integrate everything we can to better inspire and create the Education for Life program as an open source and free-shared globally collaborative and accessible program available to positively contribute to the education of anyone who chooses to use it.
Here is our continually evolving list of Waldorf inspired ideas divided into the categories of the Education for Life program:

If you’d like to help us make this list better, please submit your Waldorf inspired suggestions so that we can integrate them here and into the Foundations of Teaching, Leadership, and Communicating component.
● Qualitative: Formative assessment helps teachers to monitor their students’ progress and to modify the instruction accordingly. It also helps students to monitor their own progress by incorporating feedback
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If you’d like to help us make this list better, please submit your Waldorf inspired suggestions so that we can integrate them here and into the Curriculum for Life component.
● Anthroposophy to incorporate inner development in areas such as intuition, inspiration, and imagination into natural science that could eventually be evaluated on the same basis
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If you’d like to help us make this list better, please submit your Waldorf inspired suggestions so that we can integrate them here and into the Teaching Strategies for Life component.
● Age 1-6/7: Learn best by being immersed in an environment where one can learn through unselfconscious imitation
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If you’d like to help us make this list better, please submit your Waldorf inspired suggestions so that we can integrate them here and into the Learning Tools and Toys for Life component.
● Open Ended/Gender Neutral Toy: Push Cart, Play Stand/Trestles, (submit ideas)
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If you’d like to help us make this list better, please submit your Waldorf inspired suggestions so that we can integrate them here and into the Ultimate Classroom component.
● Art station specifically for art, music, and dancing (by mirror and Montessori dress-up clothes?)

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Friday, June 21, 2019

Modern Trends In Education: 50 Different Approaches To Learning

Source: https://www.teachthought.com/pedagogy/modern-trends-education-50-different-approaches-learning



Modern Trends In Education: 50 Different Approaches To Learning
contributed by Lisa Chesser, opencolleges.edu.au
This post has been updated, slightly revised, and republished from a previous posting
Education sprouts in many forms.
Our views of what it should look like and how it should materialize depend on our value of it and our experience with it.
What if a class consisted of words that led to information that whirled into blended realms of creativity set up just for students, created by students. The students then dictated what they learned instead of reluctantly ingesting information and standards imposed upon them.
That exists here and now. In every nook and cranny, around every corner, inside every well-engineered lesson, students might just learn what they want to learn and actually find success while improving the world around them.
Take a tour of 50 different views of education that somehow find a similar note: Education must change.
1. Ground Up Diversity
Sir Ken Robinson campaigns changing education through talks, writing, advising, and teaching. He believes education must change because it’s a stale environment in which most students don’t really learn what they should or want to learn. How that happens makes all the difference—from the ground up. People, students, and teachers create the change, not the administrators or the executives.
2. Social Networking
With social networking growing to the point that Technorati last tracked about 70 million updated blogs, using social networking to teach any subject and catapult students into a realm other than stagnant learning means blending the traditional education with modern communication. Many educators believe this is the route to engaging students in learning all the basic skills they need.
3. Talking Education
Educators believe using talking or videos to review lessons and teach concepts helps students learn and retain more. Between TedEd and TeacherTube, education talks a lot about everything. Students love movement, television, and film so utilizing these snippets of information transforms the meaning of learning especially for many students who are strapped for time.
4. Underground Education
According to John Taylor Gatto, teachers should choose the real world over the classroom. Students don’t learn to live or survive in a classroom. They learn to survive in the real world so the concept of underground education challenges educators in any walk of life to give students the tools with which to live and breathe in the world around them. If the lesson must be taught, then teach it thinking of who they might become.
5. Navdanya
Dr. Vadana Shiva’s mission lives and breathes in Navdanya, an organization that promotes self-reliance and earth democracy. The leaders of the organization are women who find strength in women’s movements and give women a voice. Earth democracy developed from the idea of seed saving helping local communities become self-reliant.
6. Self-Directed Learning
Read here for more on Self-Directed Learning.
7. Social Status
Even more significant to learning than being an asset, social status plays an underlying role in the education of a small or large group of people whether it’s an entire country’s agenda or certain sections or communities within that country. In other words, if that community puts importance on education as a social benefit, students and people in that community will strive to achieve it in order to raise their status in the community.
8. Lesson Study
Originating in Japan, lesson study applies to style of teaching. Conceptually, lesson study promotes the idea that teachers constantly improve and change their style of teaching based on students’ performance and reaction to it. It sounds like what we already do but not exactly. Collaboration between teachers is paramount and so is change. Combining these two factors with constant change means students never stop learning.
9. Constructive Struggling
Another Japanese form of teaching is to allow students to struggle through a lesson with guidance from their teacher. In other words, the student shouldn’t be embarrassed about failing the first time around, not even the second or third time. The instructor should actually encourage students to learn from that failure.
10. School in the Clouds
After experimenting with a computer in a wall where poor children basically found a way to learn without a teacher, Sugata Mitra won the Ted Prize of $1 million in 2013. He wrote an ebook named Beyond the Hole in the Wall offering an ideal for education based on a very real premise that students learn no matter what social status or economic background. They simply need the tools with which to do so.
11. Problem-Based Learning
In regards to tertiary education, problem-based learning is gaining popularity in Australia. Students are given a real-world problem then they work together to find a solution to this. In Australia, nursing programmes have begun to embrace this style of teaching and learning because it challenges the students to work as if they’re dealing with real problems they’ll encounter in the workplace. Teachers find it invaluable because students learn more with this method.
12. Learning with Technologies
Another view found around the world surrounds the use of technologies as a key to students improving their learning and ‘marketability.’ Within the realm of technologies, teachers encourage students to innovate, bringing them full-circle into the 21st-century where visibility and adaptability rule.
13. Constructivist Learning
According to Dimitrios Thanasoulas of Greece with relation to philosopher Giambattista Vico, humans only understand what they construct. This concept runs on the idea that students create their own learning environments, actively participating in the knowledge they ingest. Creating your own learning involves making mistakes with no preset agenda in place. Constructive learning is not stable so many educational systems reject it.
14. International Objectives
Many countries are creating a climate conducive to international students’ interests and desires. In 2010, $7.7 billion was spent on tuition by international students in Canada. Countries that give attention to international students find economic benefits in both education and employment.
15. MOOCs & eLearning
Free education has materialized in the form of eLearning and Massive Open Online Courses as a direct result of students wanting to learn but not having the resources to do so whether that means they don’t have the money or the background to achieve their learning goals.
16. Competency-Based Education
Competency-based education says that regardless of the length of time it takes for a student to complete a course, the student completes it based on what they know already. The only factor in determining how or when the student completes the course is the mastery of knowledge within the subject.
17. The Bologna Process
More an agreement than a concept, the Bologna Process is an agenda bent on responding to the changing landscape of education. Higher education systems in European countries organize themselves to create a more modern, advanced system of higher education for the incoming students.
18. Degree Qualifications
The Lumina Foundation argues that degree programs need to set benchmarks for students that prepare them for an ever-changing workplace. These degrees then aren’t simply meant for study but give students goals and skills that will help them find and maintain jobs once they enter the workforce.
19. Herbert Stein’s Law
Herbert Stein’s Law states, “If something can’t go on forever, it will stop.” Many within and outside of the field of education have latched onto this law as a wake-up call to educators. It shows its presence with the advent of so many changes actively taking place and being embraced throughout every educational environment.
20. Disrupting Innovation
Some see online education as a disruptive process in the clean line that traditional education has managed to stronghold, which links to Herbert Stein’s law in the sense that online education is putting an end to this stronghold. Americans see this as a crisis because of the unemployment rate and the competition from China and India. In response, disruptive innovation means the expense and elitism of education is changing to provide an affordable alternative.
21. Open Innovation
Open innovation promotes the idea of competition. In the business world this means opening up platforms for companies in the form of contests. In higher education, this means bringing together various institutions for competitions locally and globally. It means not confining it to only a select few but opening up to as many contestants as possible.
22. High-Quality Teachers
Another view and criticism of education puts the success or the blame on the teachers’ low salary. Respect for the teaching profession is crucial to the process of growing high-quality teachers. Finnish educator Pasi Sahlberg believes that educators should be paid more and for good reason. In Finland, receiving placement in a master’s programme for teachers is harder than getting a law or medical degree.
23. Finnish Education
Instead of focusing on meeting standards and racing to the top, Finland focuses on providing quality education to everyone. Contrary to many of the other views in this list, Finland doesn’t believe in competition or even giving grades until fifth grade. The system also doesn’t believe in punitive measures but encourages trust and equality.
24. Social Support Strategy
Organizations such as The Adolescent Girls’ Advocacy and Leadership Initiative (AGALI) use social support strategy to ensure young women learn about themselves beyond social norms. Realizing that the institutionalization of education can only go so far, these organizations provide education in other, far-reaching ways that give people a sense of confidence and self-worth necessary to finding success in life.
25. Change Agents
Elevating the teacher as the key to changing the groaning educational system, change agents are teachers who not only embrace the notion of change but simply make change happen. They don’t wait for a law to pass or a standard to take effect, they just take the initiative to ensure students learn no matter what the circumstances or limitations.
26. Common Core Change
In the United States, the implementation of common core standards is meant to support higher education, which has reported a lower standard in educational abilities than in years before. It’s also meant to challenge students more by forcing education to enter the 21st century with more student-driven learning.
27. Start-up Education
Start-ups and education are slowly finding each other and attempting to link up with one another. The only problem is that bureaucracy in education creates slow change. But, when that change does occur, fast change and innovation give students and educators an ecosystem in which to thrive and learn. LearnLaunchX showcased startups’ products to educators creating enthusiasm in hopes of changing educational sloth.
28. Mobile Education
We move as a global society so that where ever we go, we carry our smartphones with us. Between conversations, we look down and tap away at whatever our minds fancy necessary or entertaining. So education, at least in the most cognizant facets, says it will be there too. It will walk with us on our journeys, our whims, our detours, and our desires. If we take our laptops around the world, education will walk with us according to mobile educational theories.
29. Invisible Structures
On that same note, why place a student in a box? If a student prefers to learn while traveling the world, then so be it. Breaking down the walls of education doesn’t simply mean creating online classrooms but encouraging students to meet in open spaces and learn outside the confines of the institution. Teaching outside the classroom should be a source of inspiration, not a strange phenomenon.
30. Economic Empowerment
Giving students the ability to control their economic status through teaching them skills and economic value systems around the world helps them become leaders and innovators but also helps them find a basis for earning an income in a fluctuating economy.
31. Vocational Training
Whether students are seeking a specialized higher education or a specific skill in order to further a career path, vocational training has become a more popular avenue and view of education in general. Often used by governments to train displaced workers, it can be a valuable source of study for anyone wanting to specialize in areas such as various types of medical technicians or even graphic arts.
32. Gamification
The concept of gamification basically means introducing the gaming experience to environments where gaming would normally be unacceptable:  Education. The word gamification was actually coined by an English programmer, Nick Pelling, in 2004. Adding gaming to education means simply enough that the user completes certain tasks for rewards just like in a video game.
33. Smart Capital
Smart capital involves placing funds exactly where they should be. Instead of handing funds over to an entire community or country based on need, the money flows into the hands of those that need it but will also use it effectively then share their ideas and funds with others so that we eliminate mediocre use or even no use of technology and funds.
34. Catalytic Role
Many foundations or organizations play a catalytic role in advancements in education such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. They help innovators change the dynamics of education by providing monetary and other resources as support through college-ready education and post-secondary success. The main idea is to strengthen the relationship between teacher and student so that the learning process progresses to the point at which students not only learn but apply what they learn.
35. Blended Learning
Blending learning and technology gives students an advantage over others. It’s one thing to move along at one’s own pace. It’s another to learn at one’s own pace. Linking the two makes a difference worth noting. Teachers don’t have to be breathing over the neck of the student. Guiding the student is often quite enough.
36. Collective Education
The individual takes the back seat when it comes to the idea of collectivist education. Students learn in groups and more importantly with each other better and more effectively than alone. This doesn’t mean that we disregard the individual online learner, but it means that the online learner will learn better when exposed to a group of learners with similar interests who can offer insight and questioning into the process of learning any particular subject.
37. Personalized Education
Ironically enough, personalized education holds even more value than ever. The difference is that personalized education doesn’t mean there isn’t collective education. It just means that the education is given importance to personalized needs and desires, that the individual should mean something within the collective forum.
38. Flexible Learning
With the personalized education, the value of flexible learning needs to be addressed. Flexible learning offers students choices, convenience, and a personal approach to learning any given subject. Because we are individuals, learning and teaching should entail some form of flexibility within the realm of standardization.
39. Flipped Learning
As bluntly put as possible, a “flipped classroom” means turning learning on its head. Take the learning environment and flip it around so that students do the nitty-gritty of learning with their teachers or professors as opposed to studying for exams alone in a dark room with only a bright lamp to guide them. The fun part happens at home with a link to a short article or a video. The tough part happens in school where the teachers can help students fill in the blanks.
40. Classical Education
The classical education of any group of students rewind to a time lost to them if delivered in a lecture format. Students can experience the beauty of Shakespeare at any age because they see it like it was and is, in a theater, no matter how small or large. Students at Oxford, in an online class, or students at a small school experience classical education because it’s handed to them by teachers who deliver it in motion.
41. Free Post-Secondary Education
Countries all over the world offer free post-secondary education giving students in those countries an obvious advantage over other students who may or may not receive any education at all. Students might be able to pay for their education if they work while they’re putting themselves through school and if they’re lucky enough maybe they have a resource providing them with funds for their education, but free resources guarantee an education that adds value to whatever they want to become.
42. Religious Education
Religious education exists because communities and cultures give it an importance beyond knowledge. Linking them together with time and presence, students learn the nature of who their families and communities believe they are as well as how to deal with a changing world full of disappointments and violence.
43. Moral Education
Moral education involves many religions and many insights into the way humans interact with one another. How we manage our way through difficulties is just as important as how we maneuver through technological advances, at least to our ancestors and their views of right and wrong.
44. Character Education
Within the realm of creating morality, there’s character standing right next to it. Character may even be a stronger element of education than morality. With students so quickly exposed to violence and sexism throughout the Internet, character development takes effort and awareness. At every level of education, students should be exposed to it and given a chance to exercise their understanding of it.
45. Readiness Testing
Readiness Testing points educator and students in the right direction according to the people who view it as necessary. It allows educational systems to decide whether students can perform various tasks at a particular level therefore giving everyone insight into where and how students should move forward.
46. Sharing Voices
In New Zealand, students are encouraged to use online tools in order to tell their own stories and have their voices heard throughout their own communities and their country. In fact, the Ministry of Education’s goal is to have students express themselves and take responsibility of their own learning.
47. Expeditionary Learning
Expeditionary learning brings the learning out into the world expediting the need to learn more than what’s confined inside the classroom walls but even more so using the world to learn. Students feel engaged in learning while achieving goals and accomplishing character development when exposed to learning outside.
48. Sharing Voices
In New Zealand, students are encouraged to use online tools in order to tell their own stories and have their voices heard throughout their own communities and their country. In fact, the Ministry of Education’s goal is to have students express themselves and take responsibility of their own learning.
49. Expeditionary Learning
Expeditionary learning brings the learning out into the world expediting the need to learn more than what’s confined inside the classroom walls but even more so using the world to learn. Students feel engaged in learning while achieving goals and accomplishing character development when exposed to learning outside.
50. Global View
According to renowned educator Yong Zhoa, high-stakes testing creates more problems than provides answers and it doesn’t match success in the world today. Educating creative, entrepreneurial students should be the focus of education with what he calls world-class learners in his latest book. Zhoa believes there needs to be a paradigm shift in education that builds on students’ strengths and gives them a format where their talents flourish and take shape instead of education shaping them.
This post is excerpted from a post first published on opencolleges.edu.au; Modern Trends In Education: 50 Different Approaches To Learning; image attribution flickr user tulanepublicrelations