Monday, June 15, 2009

Permaculture Principles

Essence of Permaculture eBook

Essence of Permaculture
A 16 page summary of permaculture concept and principles taken from Permaculture Principles and Pathways Beyond Sustainability by David Holmgren.

It contains an introduction to permaculture, thoughts about the future of the movement and the values and use of the permaculture principles. A great way to expand your knowledge in preparation for the full length book.

This pdf eBook contains interactivity that is best viewed using Adobe Reader, available from

Free English eBook download (468k pdf)
Free Spanish eBook download (612k pdf)
Free Portuguese eBook download (620k pdf)

Permaculture Flower

The permaculture journey begins with the Ethics and Design Principles and moves through the key domains required to create a sustainable culture.

The evolutionary spiral path connects these domains, initially at a personal and local level, and then proceeding to the collective and global level.

Some of the specific fields, design systems and solutions that have been associated with the wider view of permaculture can be seen by clicking on the petals.

Click here to hear David Holmgren talk about the permaculture flower (mp3 - 1.20MB).

Land & Nature Stewardship Building
Land Tenure & Community Governance Tools & Technology
Finances & Economics Education & Culture
Health & Spiritual Well-Being

Click on each petal to learn more

Adapted from: Permaculture Principles & Pathways Beyond Sustainability

Permaculture Ethics

Central to permaculture are the three ethics: care for the earth, care for people and fair share. They form the foundation for permaculture design and are also found in most traditional societies.

Ethics are culturally evolved mechanisms that regulate self-interest, giving us a better understanding of good and bad outcomes. The greater the power of humans, the more critical ethics become for long-term cultural and biological survival.

Permaculture ethics are distilled from research into community ethics, learning from cultures that have existed in relative balance with their environment for much longer than more recent civilisations. This does not mean that we should ignore the great teachings of modern times, but in the transition to a sustainable future, we need to consider values and concepts outside the current social norm.

Design Principles

The 12 permaculture design principles are thinking tools, that when used together, allow us to creatively re-design our environment and our behaviour in a world of less energy and resources.

These principles are seen as universal, although the methods used to express them will vary greatly according to the place and situation. They are applicable to our personal, economic, social and political reorganisation as illustrated in the permaculture flower.

The ethical foundation of permaculture (centre) guides the use of these design tools, ensuring that they are used in appropriate ways.

Each principle can be thought of as a door that opens into whole systems thinking, providing a different perspective that can be understood at varying levels of depth and application.

Permaculture Principles